Psychic, Occult and Mystical Definitions

Letter: L








Legendary lost continent of the Indian Ocean said to be the original Garden of Eden and the cradle of the human race.

The theory of the existence of Lemuria arose in the nineteenth century, when natural scientists sought to explain Darwin's theory of evolution of similar species from a common ancestor. It was suggested that a land bridge once existed during the Eocene Age from the Malay Archipelago to the south coast of Asia and Madagascar, thus connecting India to southern Africa. The theory explained why such animals as the lemur are found primarily on Madagascar and in parts of Africa, but also in India and the Malay Archipelago hence 'Lemuria'.

Occultists applied the term to an ancient continent which was the main center of activity in the early history of humanity.




A form of hydromancy consisting of divination by interpreting the patterns and ripples left on the surface of water from a basin when precious stones are dropped in.


Also known as Green Language, it is the secret speech and writing of the occultists, which employs symbolism derived from cosmic truths.

Many occult systems and Mystery Schools adopted the Language of the Birds to express their secret teachings, including the Rosicrucians and the Alchemists.

Language of the Birds



Sometimes also called Lychnomancy, it is form of divination using a single oil lamp or a torch flame.

As with Lychnoscopy, the diviner reads presages from the movements of the flame. An alternate method is also practiced, consisting of of reading the spots of carbon deposited on paper sheets held over the flame.

On yet another method, the diviner uses the lamp as a means of "attracting spirits to the flames", in the hope of consulting them regarding future events. In this method, usually a specially designed lamp is employed, on the belief that grotesque forms will attract the spirits.


Building made up of intricate, mazelike chambers or passages so designed that a person entering one would find it difficult to find a way out.

Among the many labyrinths in the ancient world, perhaps the most celebrated was a funeral temple built by Amenemhet III in Egypt, near Lake Moeris, which contained 3000 chambers. Equally famous was the labyrinth on Crete, which may have existed only in myth. Its conception was possibly derived from the elaborate floor plan of the palace at Knossos.

In Greek mythology, the Cretan labyrinth was constructed by the Athenian craftsman Daedalus as a prison for the Minotaur, a part-bull, part-man monster.

Other ancient labyrinths were on the island of Lemnos (Lemnian) and at Clusium (now Chiusi), Italy. The term labyrinth is also applied to mazelike patterns on the floors of some medieval churches, intended perhaps to symbolize the tortuous journey of Christian pilgrims toward salvation. Garden mazes walled by clipped hedges are also called labyrinths, as, for example, that at Hampton Court, London, planted in the 17th century and still existent. Another British turf maze deserving note is the one at Alkborough in Lincolnshire.